The Maoist Internationalist Movement (MIM) was a Maoist party that existed until very recently. They were unique in their forwarding of an analysis of the labor aristocracy in the First World and their support of national liberation in said. This blurb from their old website, archived presently by their succeeding organization the Maoist Internationalist Ministry of Prisons, or MIM Prisons, is an overview of their line on Aztlán.
Aztlán is the name in Mexica Aztec history of the northern land their ancestors came from. The exact place of it has been debated, but it was used in the Chicano Movement to identify the northern part of Mexico forcefully annexed by the United States. It was used to create a sense of place for our people who were under Amerikan occupation, and a way to spread nationalist consciousness that we the Chicano people belonged to this land.
This analysis below is not the best analysis out there, but MIM should be noted for being one of the few Marxist groups to seriously look at this issue and to advocate for the liberation of Aztlán, the Chicano nation. This is posted here to further discussion and does not reflect endorsement or agreement with everything said.
Aztlán: is composed of land now thought of as part of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and partially Colorado. In this same territory are also English-speaking indigenous peoples and other nations with languages other than English or Spanish.
The important thing is that exploited and oppressed peoples should work together. The common enemy is the oppressor nation of U.$. imperialism. Sell-outs in the struggle against u.$. imperialism have two common avenues: 1) those preferring to use English use that as a reason to support affiliation within empire numero uno in the world–the united $tates. It is the communists’ internationalist duty to cut down this argument. 2) Others seek to become lackeys within the u.$. empire, even as Spanish-speakers.
It is true there is going to be some conflict between exploited and super-exploited Brown people of Aztlán and exploited and super-exploited indigenous Red peoples in the same territory. Communists only prefer that this conflict occur within the camp of the oppressed and exploited and not via alliance with u.$. imperialism. For this reason, an objective analysis of indigenous people’s interests holds that the principal consideration has to be taking down u.$. imperialism. It is in the indigenous people’s own interests as oppressed nationality people to see the Brown people fight a national fight against u.$. imperialism and vice-versa. The reason for that is the super-profits holding together the white nation and partially infecting the oppressed nations within U.$. borders as they exist now.
It is very important that those with legal working rights in the united $tates not use their class position to undermine the unity of indigenous and Aztlán activists against u.$. imperialism. That is how class struggle will express itself as national struggle. Those seeking super-profit sharing will seek legal rights within the empire. A successful national struggle against u.$. imperialism uniting indigenous and Aztlán activists will depend on successful class struggle that demarcates against those seeking merely to become legal workers or pawns within the u.$. empire.
In our upcoming 2004 Party Congress, we would like to envision the future of an Aztlán, because if it were to take over the economy as is, it would become an imperialist country. It is only the fact that Aztlán contains both an exploited and super-exploited working-class that another result is possible– an advanced socialist country. This is what distinguishes the Aztlán struggle from that of Quebec and nearby indigenous nations, because in Quebec, we see no exploited white working class, only petty-bourgeoisie. Thus, in Quebec, we know to side only with the First Nations, because the white “worker” has no progressive thrust with which to build a socialist republic, only the potential to vacillate toward a proletarian pole should it be set up by MIM and the like.
On the whole, of course it is possible that an Aztlán national struggle could end up going down a dead-end. However, as materialists we look at the alternatives, and staying with u.$. imperialism is not a valid one for communists. We must take a chance on the Aztlán people who have socialist potential and not pretend that white “workers” have more socialist and anti-imperialist potential than Aztlán.
To be sure, there is an Aztlán bourgeoisie that aspires to imperialist status. We should seek to use its relative discomfort with the oppressor nation of U.$. imperialism on the side of proletarian revolution. The best possible outcome will be a combined struggle that results in the joint dictatorship of the proletariat of the oppressed nations (JDPON) over imperialism. An active alliance of oppressed nations will be key to advancing the class struggle, bringing down imperialism and establishing socialism. Because of u.$. imperialism’s world historic role, we must also insist on Third World peoples everywhere being given the right and duty to join the JDPON and not allow imperialism to restore itself, possibly through individual deals with the bourgeoisie of each oppressed nation. A bourgeois Aztlán is a trump card vision of the u.$. imperialists, but a JDPON is something that imperialism must fear. That is exactly the reason we hope to see the whole Latin American proletariat take an interest in Aztlán, because the required force necessary to repress u.$. imperialism will have to be re-inforced from Latin America and the rest of the Third World.
At the end of this piece MIM also put up instructions on how to put an accent mark on the last a in Aztlán. It is likely that the links and instructions they gave when they first wrote it are now outdated. It is good they provided this information. People should make an effort to use correct accent marks on non-English words. Most word processing programs have ways to insert accent marks, and more information can be found through online searches.